And the big men fly in Dubai, Dalian and Delhi: the international dimensions of Aussie Rules Football

By Tim Harcourt

I’ve been very lucky in my life. I’ve been lucky to watch a lot of games of footy. I’ve seen almost every SANFL grand final in the 1970s and 1980s in Adelaide and every AFL grand final (bar 2) since 1992 at the MCG in Melbourne. I’ve even had the privilege of playing amateur league for the Adelaide University Football club with the legendary Bob Neil (recently voted one of South Australia’s living legends along with surgeon David David, food guru Maggie Beer and astronaut Andy Thomas).

But the most unusual games of Aussie Rules I have seen have actually been beyond our shores.

For instance, I was in Toronto, Canada in 1988 when Collingwood took on Hawthorn at Varsity stadium near where I lived. Robert Dipierdomenico’s Canadian cousins were at the game (“We’re Dippers too” they proudly told the local press) and I surprised South Australian football legend and commentator Malcolm Blight by yelling “Go Woodville” as he walked onto the ground.

Then just on two decades later, I was in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) watching Collingwood playing the Adelaide Crows at a polo ground half way between Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The locals were used to seeing Crows and Magpies in the middle of the desert but not these types and it made quite a spectacle in the middle of the Gulf region.

Since then the AFL has even taken games to China – the Brisbane Lions took on the Melbourne Demons there (Did the Demons sing “It’s a grand old (red) flag” after the game?), there’s games for premiership points in New Zealand, and even talk of a game in India thanks to some local Indian AFL enthusiasts. And of course there has been numerous end of season games played in London – including the famous Carlton vs North Melbourne blood bath at the Oval where Ron Tandberg drew his famous cartoon of one AFL player punching another and the bowler hatted British gent says in the crowd: “You know they sent his great-great-grandfather to Australia for the same thing.”

There’s even an Aussie rules carnival in Australia – with great enthusiasts from India, China, Denmark, PNG, South Africa and the rest all battling it out. There’s even a Pakistan-India match and in the past there has been a combined Israel-Palestine “Peace” Team (so you yell out – “C’mon Umpire, give Peace a chance!”). I am told many have been inspired by Brett Kirk’s new movie “Aussie Rules the world” about his odyssey around the world to spread the gospel. Kirk, a champion player for the Sydney Swans, has been building on the earlier great work of Kevin Sheedy, AFL’s international ambassador and indigenous legend Michael Long who took “the flying boomerangs” and indigenous AFL team to South Africa.

But can we take the Aussie Rules global expansion seriously? Some of the other football codes sure don’t and been unnecessarily aggressive about our indigenous game. For example, the UK authors of Soccernomics, Simon Kuper and Stefan Szymanski, who barely mention Australia in their book and when they do they predict:

“A century from now, Aussie Rules might exist only at subsidised folklore festivals.”

They clearly know nothing about Australia, we haven’t subsidised folk festivals in years – just ask the Coodabeen’s folk singer and footy song writer Greg Champion.

And then of my colleagues – a ‘soccer-aholic’ who insists that soccer is the only football (even though the Australian national team sis called the Socceroos) once said “One day Aussie Rules will be to Australia what Morris Dancing is now to England – a quaint custom of years gone by.”

But putting aside this “footy chauvinism” aside (for the record I support all codes of football as a true supporter of multiculturalism and tolerance and never miss a World Cup in Rugby, League, Soccer –Football or Cricket) what can we make of this international foray by the AFL in what is essentially a domestic game (albeit a darn good one)?

The international plans for Aussie rules are not what you may think. In fact I asked the AFL supremo Gillon McLachlan about the expansion plans when I first interviewed him about the UAE game.

He explained: “The match’s purpose meets a number of football and business objectives. The AFL wants to grow international participation in the game, serve the Australian expatriate market and grow the game financially too amongst Australian and international business interests. The financial side of the game is increasingly a global proposition. We need to support their global ambitions of our corporate sponsors and partners and the international matches are an important part of this strategy.  The international matches help us to showcase the game and build the Australian brand amongst potential foreign investors and sponsors and give our global Australian partners some good leverage in new markets.”

So the reasons are a combination of economics and football diplomacy.

First, the AFL wants to service the expat market in places like Dubai, London, and Hong Kong. You can see why they picked the UAE with 16,000 Australian expatriates and 2,000 Australian companies using the UAE as their hub for the gulf region and other parts of the Middle East and Africa. The same goes for London as a base for Europe and Hong Kong for China. The Lowy Institute in their seminal work found there were 1 million Australians abroad which is a lot for a country of 23 million and plenty of expatriates are influential in business and diplomatic circles.

Second, the AFL can help widen the market for sponsors by going global. This explains Port Adelaide’s progressive strategy in China, and Fremantle in South Africa which in part is also allowing Australian companies to meet their global aspirations at same time. As Port’s chairman David Koch puts it: “This is part of our commitment to not only growing our image and brand but also growing the game.”

Third, the AFL can help international companies build their brand in Australia, Middle Eastern companies like Emirates and Etihad, Chinese and Korean companies like Huawei and Samsung, (with the Canberra Raiders and Sydney Roosters respectively) Indian companies in cricket, European companies like Renault (with Port Adelaide) have all increased their brand presence in Australia by sponsoring a sporting team.

Fourth, international opportunity is good life experience for the players, supporters and sponsors. Both Collingwood and The Adelaide Crows found the exercise in UAE useful. Adelaide’s CEO Steven Trigg, at the time said it was good for the 1,000 supporters making the trip and Collingwood provided special supporters’ package through Emirates, their long term sponsor. For the players, Collingwood took the team to Africa first and Adelaide used the whole experience for older players to meet young recruits to help build team cohesion amongst our playing group. Port Adelaide wants to do the same thing with a match for premiership points in China by 2016.

Fifth, there’s ‘soft diplomacy’.  Aussie teams like the Vietnam Swans, Jakarta Bintangs, Beijing Bombers, and Shanghai Tigers all build ties in Asia between Australians and locals. Not to mention the teams in South America and the rest of the world. These clubs do important social policy and charity work too. I was once at a Shanghai Tigers fundraiser for the Half The Sky foundation that helps Chinese orphans and in South Africa I witnessed the good work that the Fremantle Dockers do to reduce smoking and other social problems in the townships via the ‘Footywild’ programme.

The AFL also provides career aspirations for non-Australians who love Aussie Rules. In India, there’s the amazing Sudip Chakraborty, who was converted to Aussie Rules after meeting Ricky Ponting in Kolkata. Chakraborty has written a Master’s thesis on the AFL’s international expansion (into Europe at Loughborough University that specialises in sport management), holds training sessions in Kerala and he even showed Brett Kirk where footies are made in a factory in the Punjab. “Kirky told me he slept with his footy from when he was a kid so I had to show him where footies are made!” laughed Chakraborty.  In some ways, Chakraborty went through his own spiritual journey with Aussie Rules just like Australian backpackers do when they go to Varanasi or Goa. In fact, Brett Kirk himself is known for his spiritual side off the field as much as his hard attack of the footy on the field.

So in conclusion, is this all part of the AFL’s (not so secret) plan for world domination? No, not at all says Gillon McLachlan: “Our main focus is on being the national code, hence our work in New South Wales and Queensland and regional areas. But the international programme is a good investment in the game’s development – particularly given the global focus of many Australian companies, and the aspirations of Australians and non-Australians abroad to come together over a game of footy.”

All football codes have their place, but the Australian indigenous game is part of the Australian brand and as the famous Australian economic historian Geoffrey Blainey says, it is truly “A game of our own.” So why not share it with the world.



*Tim Harcourt is the JW Nevile Fellow in Economics at the UNSW Business School, UNSW

 And the author of The Airport Economist and his next book – Trading Places.

 This article was first published on Tim’s site,


  1. Mark 'Swish' Schwerdt says

    All good sentiments Plug, but at what stage do you reckon that GWS will be relocated offshore?

    And what did you say to Leigh Matthews in Toronto ?

  2. Malcolm Ashwood says

    Very interesting indeed educational article , Plug showing the many reasons for trying to grow the brand globally thanks Tim

  3. China is the interesting one. Seems the UAE experience was a one off event with no real plans to follow through with further events in the region. It was a bit amateur really, they ran out of pies before the game even started, although there was a good business presence.

    If you could show the Chinese there was potential to earn good coin by playing the sport and get a few playing there could be a flow on effect leading to a big tv pay off. Wich would be nice for some.

  4. Thanks for the comments everyone

    Swish I did say to Leigh Matthews in Canada – “we remember what you did to Barrie Robran”

  5. Dan Hansen says

    Nice read. I can’t wait for the book.

  6. TIM: Saturday night at Bendigo’s showpiece Queen Elizabeth Oval (under lights) we’ll have an international match: Nauru v Ireland.
    From gold rush times there were heaps of Paddies trying to find an elusive nugget or 2. Hope some of their descendants show up Sat. night. In a city of 110,000 you’d reckon it’d be a chance.
    I’ll be there at the QEO watching South Bendigo [9th] take on Castlemaine [10th] earlier in the day. The loser will take home 2014’s Wooden Spoon.
    Incidentally, clad in a Cats jumper I watched us lose to the Hawks in 1998 grannie in a packed Thames-side London Walkabout boozer.
    Three family members and I slunk out a side door and onto a nearby Tube station to wend our way home long B4 the final siren that miserable day.

  7. Sorry for late night typos.
    Catters lost to Hawks in 2008 grand final !!

  8. Thanks for the comments almanakers

    There will be an account of the collingwood – crows game and Fremantle going to South Africa “Freo Nelson Mandela” in my new book

    Trading Places – the Airport Economist ‘s guide to international business

  9. After spending the last week and a bit, in ‘The Land of the Long White Cloud’,, the issue of Footy outside of Australia makes me think. St Kilda has crossed he Tasman the last two seasons to play an Anzac Day match for premiership points . Prior to the ‘Great Trade War’ footy was so popular that a Maori team visited Melbourne in 1889 , where they beat South Melbourne,, Victoria’s best side. The game was called Victorian Rules. However it faded in the1920’s. None the less there’s been quite a few handy footballlers of Kiwi origin, including , Dustin Martin,Trent Croad, Wayne Schwass and ‘Wow’ Jones.

    Another place which has Footy history is South Africa. It;s origins can be traced back to Australian troops fighting in the Boer War Over a century later these seeds continue producing results. A few years back a south African junior side played against a junior Australian side. There is a peak body over there, AFL South Africa, who oversee around 20,000 players performing at various levels of the game.

    I’m curious to learn more about the history overseas. Any pointers.


  10. Good read Plug. Any chance you can have a word into Gilligan’s ear and arrange for the AFL to fix the game (properly) here before they even consider expanding further offshore?

  11. Luke Reynolds says

    Very well explained Tim. Also probably explains why there hasn’t been a bigger push in the past into places like PNG where there was an interest and the game could have taken off. Money. Ditto Tasmania.

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